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Image from page 226 of “Western agriculture” (1918)
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Title: Western agriculture
Year: 1918 (1910s)
Authors: Widtsoe, John Andreas, 1872-1952. ed Stewart, George. joint ed
Publisher: St. Paul, Minn., Webb Publishing Company
Contributing Library: Cornell University Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN
Text Appearing Before Image:
e tree, the remaining half willoften yield as much bulk as the entire crop would haveyielded, besides being greatly superior fruit. The best timeto thin the fruit is about the first week in July, immediateryafter the so-called June drop. Cultivation. Good cultural conditions are as necessaryin the orchard as in the garden. Vegetable crops may begrown between the trees for the first six or eight yearsafter planting the orchard, until the soil becomes too shadedfor the intercrops. The tools to be used in cultivating depend upon thenature of the soil. A spike-tooth harrow might be a very ORCHARD FRUITS 223 satisfactory implement for a sandy loam, but an imple-ment designed to cut and break up the clods, such as theAcme harrow, would be more satisfactory on a heavy soil.Irrigation water should be used judiciously and only whenthe trees need it. No hard and fast rules can be set downfor the application of water. The grower will learn toknow when the trees are in need of more moisture. Each
Text Appearing After Image:
Figure 86.—The proper system of irrigation in a western orchard. irrigation should wet the soil to a depth of six or eight feet,and the trees should never be allowed to suffer for want ofwater. It is well to remember, however, that injury canbe caused by too much water as well as by too little. Treesheavily laden with fruit require much more water thanyoung growing trees, although the latter should be givenseveral irrigations each year to keep them vigorous. Picking and Storing. Great care should be exercised inpicking all fruit crops and especially fruit destined for stor-age. All fruit should be picked at the proper time in themost careful manner and handled judiciously after beingpicked. Apples for immediate use should remain on thetree until thoroughly ripe. Apples for winter consumption 224 WESTERX AGRICULTURE
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